Saturday, 21 January 2012

1-A Personal Library of Hindu Sanskrit Texts Translations

A Personal Library of Hindu Sanskrit Texts Translations

It has always been an ambition for me to have my own, personal library of Hindu Sanskrit texts and translations. I bought a few printed publications, but soon realized that it would cost me a fortune and lot of space, besides the hassle of consulting them, physically turning over the pages.

The Internet came to my help in realising my ambition in an easy, compact and efficient manner. Over the last month or more, I was busy--I still am--on a treasure hunt of Hindu Sanskrit texts over the Net: just by scratching the surface, I was overwhelmed with precious packs of treasures of wisdom!

Besides the treasure packs themselves, I was happy to discover something else, perhaps equally precious: as against the expectation that trying to read--even glance at--a Sanskrit work is bound to be a daunting task, I found out that with just the knowledge of the Sanskrit alphabets and a small vocabulary of just a few Sanskrit words such as I have, it could be an interesting and definitely rewarding experience.

We can have a plan to hone our Sanskrit-reading skills:

• We can start with small texts such as the shlokas and stotras, specially those supported by audio files and meaning texts; in a short time, we would be able to read and understand most of them, even without the meanings and audio.

• We should use any transliterated texts only to search--perhaps consult occasionally--and not read from them, as this could easily trick us into wrong pronunciation of Sanskrit phrases. We should read only from the originals.

• Once we are comfortable reading texts of less than 2 or 3 pages fluently with farily good understanding of their meaning, we can move on to the next step: read larger and scripturally important works such as the 'bhagavad gItA', the 'upanishads' and the 'patanjali yoga darshanam', choosing text versions that are supported with direct meanings of the verses.

• Sanskrit originals are great assets in checking a quote: the very effort of searching a text for a quote could go a long way in understanding the structure of the work.

• It's not our aim to become a Sanskrit pandit; only adequately Sanskrit-literate, which IMHO, is a must for serious sAdhana and svAdhyAya.

Besides the prodominately Sanskrit texts, I have also collected related translations, commentaries and essays about them, whereever I can find any. Additionally, our Library would also have translated texts and essays that introduce other Indian religions: Jainism, Buddhism, and Sikhism.

I have included a section called saMsAra lekhyaM--secular writings, in Sanskrit with translations and essays where possible: such as a few works of the great kALidAsa, other sAhitya-kartAs--authors, subhAShita and nItishAstra. This section has English books on guru charitam--life accounts, shiShya anubhavam--devotees' experiences, satsangham--teachings of sages, and shikShaNam--education from their essays.

Last but not the least is a section for children: junior, senior and the youth.

Most of the texts are in pdf format, while some are in djvu, itx or other schemes of transliteration or plain text. The audio files are invariably mp3 files that we would only use for personal listening (since some of them might have copyright restrictions); some texts are to be read online.

I am developing a HTML interface to access the books stored in your personal computer--at a mouse-click. Since the collection is growing day by day, more and more lines are added to the interface, so it could be a couple of weeks or more before I could post it. Once I post the HTML interface page, I would request Satay to host it in HDF as with the earlier case.

Meantime, I shall give the text tiles and links in convenient instalments, so you can start downloading them. Please keep your downloads in a folder named HinduSanskritTexts for the time being. You might be required to become a member of some Websites such as the to download from their Websites.

Eventually, I shall post a batch file that would automatically create the required folders in your system, under a parent folder, and then you might move your downloads to the related folders and make the HTML interface work for you. Be sure to have harddisk space of 10 to 15 GB for the entire collection!

I have given ids to the sections and individual texts for easy reference, for any later additions to them. The prefix 's' in a text id indicates that it is a Sanskrit original, 't' a translation/meaning text/commentary/compilation with or without the Sanskrit text and 'e' an English work.

ved-gen: vedaH: general works

s001. prasthAnabhedaH (madhusUdana sarasvatI)

e002. The Secret of the Veda (Aurobindo)

t003. A Vedic Reader

e004. The Vedic Experience

e005. vedas, upanishads and kRuShNa

t006. vedas and brahma sUtra mantras (Griffith)

e007. Rig Veda: Creative Hymns (Barbara)


ved-Rig: mantra saMhitA: Rig veda

s001. shAkalya shAkhA: maNDalam 1 |
2 |
3 |
4 |
5 |
6 |
7 |
8 |
9 |
10 |

s002. aShTaka shAkhA: 1 |
2 |
3 |
4 |
5 |
6 |
7 |
8 |

t003. aurobindo |
t004. Griffith |


ved-yaj: mantra saMhitA: yajur veda
t001. (devi chand, Arya samAj) |

s002. yajur veda sUktas |

ved-yas: shukla yajur veda

s003. mAdhyanindana shAkhA |

s004. kANva samhitA |

ved-yak: kriShNa yajur veda

s005. taittirIya samhitA |

t006. Keith |

s007. maitrAyaNI samhitA |

s008. kAThaka samhitA |

s009. kapiShThalakaTha samhitA |


ved-sam: mantra saMhitA: sAma veda

s001. sAma veda saMhitA |

t002. Griffith | (online)


ved-ath: mantra saMhitA: atharva veda

s001. arharva veda saMhitA |

t002. Whitney 1 |
t002. 2 |

t003. Maurice (selective) |


ved-bra: brAhmaNa

s001. aitareya (Rig) |

s002. alt(ternative) |

t003. Martin Haug |

s004. kaThaka (kRuShNa yajur) |

s005. taittirIya (kRuShNa yajur) |

s006. ChAndogya (sAma) |

s007. ShadviMsha (sAma) |

t008. W. Caland |

s009. jaiminIya (sAma) |

s010. vaMsha (sAma) |

s011. gopatha (atharva) |


ved-ara: AraNyakam

s001. aitareya (Rig) |

s002. shAngkhAyana (Rig) |

t003. AB Keith |

s004. taittirIya (kRuShNa yajur) |

s005. maitrAyaNIyam (kRuShNa yajur) |

s006. ChAndogya (sAma) |

s007. jaiminIya (sAma) |


ved-pra: prAtishAkhyam

s001. Rig veda |

s002. taittirIya (kRuShNa yajur) |

s003. shukla yajuH |

s004. sAma |

s005. atharva |

s006. atharva: chaturAdhyAyIkA |


To continue with the upanishads in the next post.

Here are the links to a comprehensive collection of the upanishads:

upa-col: upanishads collections

s001. IshAdi-viMshottarashato-upanishadaH |

s002. sAmAnya vedAnta upanishadaH |

s003. shaiva upanishadaH |

s004. shAkta upanishadaH |

s005. vaiShNava upanishadaH |

s006. aprakAshitA (unpublished) upanishads |


upa-tra upanishads translations[/b]

t001. Max Muller: ChAndogya |

t002. nArAyaNasvAmi: 30 Minor... |

t003. nikhilAnanda: kaThA,IshA,kena,muNDaka... |
t004. alt |

t005. paramAnanda: IshA,kaThA,kena,muNDaka |

t006. rAmanAthan: sannyAsa upanishadaH |

t007. shrInivAsa, subrahmaNya: Yoga Upanishads |


upa-ess: upanishad essays

e001. AnandA Wood: Interpreting... |

e002. Ananta narendra: Brahmadvaita of... |

e003. aurobindo: IshA |

e004. aurobindo: kena, prashna |

e005. kRuShNAnanda: Aitareya and Taittiriya |

e006. kRuShNAnanda: ChAndogya |

e007. kRuShNAnanda: ChAndogya: vaishvanAra vidyA |

e008. kRuShNAnanda: Isha, kena, kaThA |

e009. kRuShNAnanda: kaThA |

e010. kRuShNAnanda: kaThA secret |

e011. kRuShNAnanda: mANDukya |

e012. nirmalAnanda: IshA |

e013. nirmalAnanda: kaThA |

e014. nirmalAnanda: prashna |

e015. prabhupAdA IshA |

e016. rAdhAkrishNan: The Philosophy of... |

e017. SAKSHI: about... |

e018. sitAnAth tatvabhUShan: Theism... |

e019. tejasvinI: Self |

e020. vidyA sAgar: Metaphysics... |

upanishads: English translations online:


upa-Rig: Rig veda upanishads

s001. aitereya upanishad |
e002. nikhilAnanda |

s003. kauShItaki brAhmaNo upanishad |

s004. alt |
e005. translation |

upa-yas: shukla yajur veda upanishads

s001. IshAvAsya upanishad |

s002. bhAShyam |

e003. meaning |

e004. rAmA |

e005. Muller |

s006. bRuhadAranyaka upanishad |

e007. kRuShNAnanda |

s008. jAbAla upanishad |

s009. paingala upanishad |


upa-yak: kRuShNa yajur veda upanishads

s001. taittirIya upanishad |

s002. mahAnArAyaNa upanishad |

e003. vimalAnanda |

s004. mahAnArAyaNa upanishad (altver) |

s005. yAjniki (aka mahAnArAyaNa) upanishad |

s006. shvetAshvatara upanishad |

s007. kaThA upanishad |


upa-sam: sAma veda upanishads

s001. ChAndogya upanishad |

e002. translation |

s003. kena upanishad |

e004. translation |


upa-ath: atharva veda upanishads

s001. muNDaka upanishad |

s002. mANDUkya upanishad |

e003. meaning |

s004. prashna upanishad |

s005. atharvashira upanishad |

s006. atharvashikha upanishad |


To continue with the minor upanishads in the next post.

Here are the links to a collection of the minor upanishads:

upa-ita: itara upanishads

s001. akShamAlika upanishad |

s002. akShi upanishad |

s003. adhyAtma upanishad |

s004. advayatAraka upanishad: c.brahmayogin ||

s005. annapUrNA upanishad |

s006. aMRutabindu upanishad |

t007. with com. mahAdeva |

s008. aMRutanAda upanishad |

s009. bhAShyam |

s010. avyakta upanishad |

s011. Atma upanishad |

s012. Atmabodha upanishad |

s013. AtmapUjA upanishad |

s014. AruNika upanishad |

s015. avadhUta upanishad |

s016. ekAkShara upanishad |

s017. kaTha rudra upanishad |

s018. kAlAgni rudra upanishad |

s019. kali santarana upanishad |

s020. kuNDika upanishad |

s021. kRuShNa upanishad |

s022. kaivalya upanishad |

t007. with com. mahAdeva |

s023. kaula upanishad |

t024. Mike Magee |

s025. kSurika upanishad |

s026. ganapati atharva vashIrsha upanishad |

s027. garbha upanishad |

s028. garuDa upanishad |

s029. gopAla tApini upanishad |

s030. gorakSha upanishad (Hindi) |

s031. chAkShuSha upanishad |

s032. jAbAla upanishad |

s033. jAbAla darshana upanishad |

s034. jAbAli upanishad |

s035. tArasAra upanishad |

s036. teja bindu upanishad |

s037. tejo bindu upanishad |

s038. turIyAtIta upanishad |

s039. tripAdvibhUti mahAnArAyaNa upanishad |

s040. tripura upanishad |

s041. tripura tApini upanishad |

s042. trishiki brAhmaNa upanishad |

s043. dakShiNAmUrti upanishad |

t044. dakShiNAmUrti upanishad (excerpts) |

s045. dattA upanishad |

s046. dattAtreya upanishad |

s047. devI upanishad |

s048. dhyAnabindu upanishad |

s049. nAdabindu upanishad |

s050. nArada parivrAjaka upanishad |

s051. nRusiMha tApani upanishad |

s052. nirAlamba upanishad |

s053. nirvANa upanishad |

s054. pancha brahma upanishad |

s055. parabrahma upanishad |

s056. paramahaMsa parivrAjaka upanishad |

s057. alt |

s058. paramahaMsa upanishad |

s059. pAshupata brahma upanishad |

s060. paingala upanishad |

s061. prANAgnihotra upanishad |

s062. bahvRucha upanishad |

s063. brahmavidyA upanishad |

s064. bRuhajjAbAla upanishad |

s065. bhasmajAbAla upanishad |

s066. bhAva upanishad |

s067. bhikShuka upanishad |

s068. brahma upanishad |

s069. brahmabindu upanishad |

s070. manDalabrAhmaNa upanishad |

s071. mahA upanishad |

s072. mahAvAkya upanishad |

s073. mAntrika upanishad |

s074. muktikA upanishad |

s075. muktika upanishad |

s076. mudgala upanishad |

s077. maitrAyaNI maitrAyaNa brAhmaNa upanishad |

s078. maitreyi upanishad |

s079. yAjnavalkhya upanishad |

s080. yAjniki upanishad bhAShyam |

s081. yogakuNDali upanishad |

s082. yogachUDAmani upanishad |

s083. yogatattva upanishad |

s084. yoga shikA upanishad |

s085. rAmakRuShNa paramahaMsa upanishad |

s086. rAmatApini upanishad |

s087. rAmarahasya upanishad |

s088. rudra hRudaya upanishad |

s089. rudrAkSha jAbAla upanishad |

s090. lAngUla upanishad |

s091. vajrasUchikA upanishad |

s092. varAha upanishad |

s093. vAsudeva upanishad |

s094. sharaba upanishad |

s095. shAtyAyanIya upanishad |

s096. shANDilya upanishad |

s097. shArIraka upanishad |

s098. shikShAvallI from taittirIya upanishad |

s099. shiva upanishad |

s100. shiva saMkalpa upanishad |

s101. shuka rahasya upanishad |

s102. sanyAsa upanishad |

s103. sarasvatI rahasya upanishad |

s104. sarasvatI upanishad |

s105. sarvasAra upanishad |

t106. tr. |

s107. saubhAygalakShmI upanishad |

s108. skanda upanishad |

s109. sAvitrI upanishad |

s110. sItA upanishad |

s111. subAla upanishad |

s112. sUrya upanishad |

s113. haMsa upanishad |

s114. hayagrIva upanishad |

This finishes the vedas part of the shRuti. To proceed with the vedAngas in the next post.


upa-ita: itara upanishads

s026. ganapati atharva vashIrsha upanishad | (already listed)

t115. Michael Magee | (translation)


vng-sks: vedAngaH: shikShA

about: wiki |

e001. shikShA in the Physiology |

s002. amoghAnandini |

s003. Apishali |

s004. AraNya |

s005. Atreya |

s006. avasAnanirNaya |

s007. bhAradvAja |

s008. chArAyaNIya |

s009. dantyoShTa vidhi |

I lost track of the Sanskrit text link, any idea? Here is the link to transliteration:

s010. gautamI |

s011. kAlanirNaya |

s012. kAtyAyana |

s013. kauhalIya |

s014. kauNDinya |

s015. lakShmIkAnta |

s016. lomashI |

s017. mAdhyandinIya |

s018. mallasharma |

s019. mANDavya |

s020. mANDUkI |

s021. nAradIya |

s022. padachandrikA |

s023. padyAtmikA |

s024. pANINIya |

s025. parAsharI |

s026. pAri |

s027. sarvasaMmata |

s028. shaishirIya |

s029. shamAna |

s030. shambhu |

s031. ShodashaslokI |

s032. siddhAnta |

s033. svara-bhakti-lakShaNa-parishiShTa |

s034. svara-vyanjana |

s035. varNa-ratna-pradIpikA |

s036. vAsiShTha |

s037. vAsiShThI |

s038. vyAli |

s039. vyAsa |

s040. yAjnavalkya |

vng-sks: vedAngaH: shikShA: Translations

t001. pANINIya |


vng-klp: kalpaH
vng-klp-shr: shrauta sUtram

s001. AshvalAyanIyaM (Rig) |

s002. shAngkhAyana (Rig) |

s003. ApastambanIyaM (kRuShNa yajur) |

s004. bhaudhAyana (kRuShNa yajur) |

s005. bhAradvAja (kRuShNa yajur) |

s006. mAnava (kRuShNa yajur) |

s007. vaikhAnasa (kRuShNa yajur) |

s008. vArAha (kRuShNa yajur) |

s009. drAhyAyaNa (sAma) |

s010. jaiminIya (sAma) |

s011. lATyAyaNa (sAma) |

s012. mashaka (sAma) |

s013. nidAna (sAma) |

s014. vaitAna (atharva) |


vng-klp-grh: gRhya sUtram

s001. AshvalAyana (Rig) |

s002. kaushItaka (Rig) |

s003. shAngkhAyana (Rig) |

s004. agnivesha (kRuShNa yajur) |

s005. Apastamba (kRuShNa yajur) |

s006. bhAradvAja (kRuShNa yajur) |

s007. bodhAyana (kRuShNa yajur) |

s008. hiraNyakeshi (kRuShNa yajur) |

s009. kAThaka (kRuShNa yajur) |

s010. mAnava (kRuShNa yajur) |

s011. vaikhAnasa (kRuShNa yajur) |

s012. varAha (kRuShNa yajur) |

s013. pAraskara (shukla yajur) |

s014. drAhyAyaNa (sAma) |

s015. gobhilIya (sAma) |

s016. jaimini (sAma) |

s017. kauthuma (sAma) |

s018. kaushika (atharva) |


vng-klp-dhr: dharma sUtram

s001. vAsiShTha (Rig) |

s002. viShNu (Rig) |

s003. Apastamba (kRuShNa yajur) |

s004. baudhAyana (kRuShNa yajur) |

s005. hiraNyakeshi (kRuShNa yajur) |

s006. vaikhAnasa (kRuShNa yajur) |

s007. gautama (sAma) |


vng-klp-shl: shulba sUtram

s001. Apastamba (kRuShNa yajur) |

s002. baudhAyana (kRuShNa yajur) |

s003. hiraNyakeshi (kRuShNa yajur) |

s004. maitrAyaNIya (kRuShNa yajur) |

s005. mAnava (kRuShNa yajur) |

s006. kAtyAyana (shukla yajur) |


vng-vya: vyAkaraNam

s001. aShTAdhyAyI (maharshi pANini) |

s002. alt |

s003. laghukaumudI vyAkaraNam |

s004. pANinI:dhAtu-pAThaH |

s005. alt |

s006. alt |

s007. alt |

s008. sUchI |

s009. alt |

s010. devseq |

s011. gaNabheda |

s012. ShaDbAShA chandrikA: lakShmIdhara |


vng-nir: niruktam

s001. nirukta |

s002. amarakosha kANDa:1 |
s003. part 1 2col |

s004. part 2 |

s005. part 2 2col |

s006. part 3 |

s007. part 3 2col |

s008. amarakosha T§ |

s009. nAmalinga anushAsanam (amarasiMha) |

s010. aShTAdhyAyI |

s011. shabdakalpadrumaH |


vng-cha: Chandas

s001. ChandaH shAstram (pingalAchArya) |


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